|Location||3* Class||4* Class||5* Class|
|HANOI||Skylark Hotel||Thang Long Opera Hotel||Sheraton Hotel|
|HOCHIMINH CITY||Elios Hotel||Bay Saigon||Rex Hotel|
|HALONG CRUISE||Lavender Cruise||Syrena Cruise||Athena Cruise|
|HOI AN||Phohoi Reverside Resort||Vinh Hung Resort||Palm Garden Resort|
(Tour Duration: 4days 3nights)
Prices included:Vietnam Visa Approval Letter (for Indian Passport Holders)
Price Excluded:Vietnam Visa stamp fee is US$25 ( Tourist pay at airport)
(Tour Duration: 5days – 4nights)
(Tour Duration: 4days 3nights)
(Tour Duration: 8Days 7Nights)
Official name: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) Mainland
Territory: 331,211.6 sq. km Population: 85 million inhabitants National Capital: Hanoi Vietnam is
the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Vietnam is a strip of land
shaped like the letter “S”. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, and
Cambodia to the southwest. On the country's east coast lies the South China Sea. The country’s total
length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from east to west, is 600km at the
widest point in the north, 400km in the south, and 50km at the narrowest part, in the centre, in
Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and the inland border is 4,510km. Latitude: 102º
08' - 109º 28' east Longitude: 8º 02' - 23º 23' north Vietnam is also a transport junction from the
Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
CLIMATE : Vietnam is located in both a tropical and a temperate zone. There are two major climate regions in Vietnam. Northern Vietnam (from Hai Van Pass toward to the north) has a highly-humid tropical monsoon climate with four distinguishable seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter) and is influenced by the Northeast and Southeast monsoon. Southern Vietnam (from Hai Van pass to Ha Tien) has a rather moderate tropical climate given the weak influence of monsoon and is characterized by dry and rainy seasons and warm weather all year round. The average temperature in Vietnam varies between 21°C and 27°C and increases from the North to the South. Every year there are 100 rainy days and the average rainfall is 1,500 to 2,000mm. The humidity ranges around 80%. The sunny hours are 1,500 to 2,000 and the average solar radiation of 100kcal/cm2 in a year. Air humidity is 80%.
HISTORY OF VIETNAM : The history of Vietnam, according to legends, dates back more than 4,000 years. The only reliable sources, however, indicate that Vietnamese history roughly dates to 2,700 years ago. For most of the period from 111 BC to the early 10th century, it was under the direct rule of successive dynasties from China. Vietnam regained autonomy in early 10th century and complete independence in 938 AD. While for much of its history, Vietnam remained a tributary state to its larger neighbor China, it repelled repeated attempts by China to make it once again part of the territory under direct imperial rule. Moreover, it managed to repel the three invasions by the Mongols during the Yuan Dynasty, when China was under Mongolian rule. But the king at that time, Trần Nhân Tông, would eventually diplomatically submit as a tributary of the Yuan to avoid further conflicts. The independent period temporarily ended in the middle to late 19th century, when the country was colonized by France. During World War II, Imperial Japan expelled the French to occupy Vietnam, though they retained French administrators during their occupation. After the war, France attempted to re-establish its colonial rule but ultimately failed. The Geneva Accords partitioned the country in two with a promise of democratic election to reunite the country. However, rather than peaceful reunification, partition led to the Vietnam War - which, depending on one's perspective, was either a civil war or another battlefield of the then-ongoing global ideological conflict, the Cold War. During this time, the North was supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union, while the South was supported by the United States. After millions of Vietnamese deaths and the American withdrawal from Vietnam in March 1973, the war ended with the fall of Saigon to the North in April 1975. In 1986, the Communist Party of Vietnam changed its economic policy and began reforms of the private sector similar to those in China. Since the mid-1980s, Vietnam has enjoyed substantial economic growth.
VIETNAMESE CULTURE : The richness of Vietnam's origins is evident throughout its culture. Spiritual life in Vietnam is a grand panoply of belief systems, including Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Tam Giao (literally 'triple religion'), which is a blend of Taoism, popular Chinese beliefs, and ancient Vietnamese animism. The most important festival of the year is Tet, a week-long event in late January or early February that heralds the new lunar year and the advent of spring. Celebration consists of both raucous festivity (fireworks, drums, gongs) and quiet meditation. In addition to Tet, there are about twenty other traditional and religious festivals each year. Vietnamese architecture expresses a graceful aesthetic of natural balance and harmony that is evident in any of the country's vast numbers of historic temples and monasteries. The pre-eminent architectural form is the pagoda, a tower comprised of a series of stepped pyramidal structures and frequently adorned with lavish carvings and painted ornamentation. Generally speaking, the pagoda form symbolizes the human desire to bridge the gap between the constraints of earthly existence and the perfection of heavenly forces. Pagodas are found in every province of Vietnam. As a language, Vietnamese is exceptionally flexible and lyrical, and poetry plays a strong role in both literature and the performing arts. Folk art, which flourished before French colonization, has experienced resurgence in beautiful woodcuts, village painting, and block printing. Vietnamese lacquer art, another traditional medium, is commonly held to be the most original and sophisticated in the world. Music, dance, and puppetry, including the uniquely Vietnamese water puppetry, are also mainstays of the country's culture. Although rice is the foundation of the Vietnamese diet, the country's cuisine is anything but bland. Deeply influenced by the national cuisines of France, China, and Thailand, Vietnamese cooking is highly innovative and makes extensive use of fresh herbs, including lemon grass, basil, coriander, parsley, laksa leaf, lime, and chili. Soup is served at almost every meal, and snacks include spring rolls and rice pancakes. The national condiment is nuoc mam, a piquant fermented fish sauce served with every meal. Indigenous tropical fruits include bananas, pineapples, coconuts, lychees, melons, mandarin oranges, grapes, and exotic varieties like the three-seeded cherry and the green dragon fruit.
VIETNAMESE PEOPLE : The people of Vietnam have a unique and fascinating culture that has been shaped by thousands of years of history. Vietnamese culture has been influenced by many other civilizations: the ancient peoples that once inhabited the land, the Chinese, the French, and most recently, the Americans and Russians. From all these outside influences, and centuries of war, oppression, and hardship, they have formed, and maintained their culture. The people of Vietnam are hard working and feel strong ties to their families. They are well versed in the arts, and have made several contributions to the world of literature. Aside from their painful history, the Vietnamese people have a culture and many customs, all their own. Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups. The Viet (Kinh) people account for 87% of the country’s population and mainly inhabit the Red River delta, the central coastal delta, the Mekong delta and major cities. The other 53 ethnic minority groups, totaling over 8 million people, are scattered over mountain areas (covering two-thirds of the country’s territory) spreading from the North to the South.
VILLAGES – GUILDS : The Vietnamese culture has always evolved on the basis of the wet rice civilization. Thus, the lifestyle of the Vietnamese population is closely related to its village and native lands.
Vietnamese is the national and official language of Vietnam. It is the mother tongue of the Vietnamese people (người Việt or người Kinh), who constitute 86% of Vietnam's population.
RELIGION AND BELIEF : With its many cultures, Vietnam has a variety of religions. Originally, Vietnam's three main religions were Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism and Confucianism, Buddhism being introduced first. Although Buddhism and Taoism were popular with the people, Confucianism became the recognized religion. Buddhism was first introduced to Vietnam in the 2nd century, and reached its peak in the Ly dynasty (11th century). Presently, over 70 percent of the population of Vietnam are either Buddhist or strongly influenced by Buddhist practices. Catholicism was introduced to Vietnam in the 17th century. About 10 percent of the population is considered Catholic. Protestantism was introduced to Vietnam at about the same time as Catholicism. Protestantism, however, remains an obscure religion. At present most Protestants live in the Central Highlands. The number of Protestants living in Vietnam is estimated at 400,000. Islamic followers in Vietnam are primarily from the Cham ethnic minority group living in the central part of the central coast. The number of Islamic followers in Vietnam totals about 50,000. Caodaism was first introduced to the country in 1926. Settlements of the Cao Dai followers in South Vietnam are located near the Church in Tay Ninh. The number of followers of this sect is estimated at 2 million. The Hoa Hao Sect was first introduced to Vietnam in 1939. More than 1 million Vietnamese are followers of this sect. Most of them live in the south-west of Vietnam. Mother Worship (Tho Mau): Researchers describe the Vietnamese mother-worship cult as a primitive religion. The mother worship cult might be originated from the cult of the Goddess in ancient ages. In the Middle Ages, the Mother was worshipped in temples and palaces. Due to the fact that it is a worshipping custom and not a religion, the Mother worshipping cult has not been organised as Buddhism and Catholicism have. Worship of Ancestor Custom A very popular belief among Vietnamese is the custom of the ancestor cult. In every household, an ancestor altar is installed in the most solemn location.
DESTINATION OTHER :